BIZweek n°373 17 déc 2021
BIZweek n°373 17 déc 2021
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  • Parution : n°373 de 17 déc 2021

  • Périodicité : hebdomadaire

  • Editeur : Capital Publications Ltd

  • Format : (260 x 370) mm

  • Nombre de pages : 9

  • Taille du fichier PDF : 2,2 Mo

  • Dans ce numéro : Maurice est 13e à l'ouverture visa d'Afrique 2021.

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VENDREDI 17 DÉCEMBRE 2021 BIZWEEK ÉDITION 373 Visa opennessin Africa 2021 : Country scores and rankings Benin Seychelles The Garnbia Senegal Ghana Rwanda Nigeria Llganda G unea-Bissau Labo Verde Togo Ma u ri tanin Mau rit ius'Mozambique Comoros Madagascar Soin alla Ta riza nia Namibia Sierra Leone Africa Visa Opennes Report 1021 LOW 14GH Ib. SCORE RAN K 1.000 1 1.000 1 1.000 1 0.883 4 Abe LA TOUR Mauritius ranks 13 AFRICA VISA OPENNESS INDEX 2021 Openingup Africa’s borders to travel will drive investment and an economic rebound, according to the authors of the 2021 Africa Visa Openness Index. Published yearly since 2016, the Index measures African countries’openness to travelers from elsewhere on the continent. This year’s edition found that theonset of the Covid-19 pandemic substantially impacted free movement. «In this new era of travel, safety and hygiene protocols have become as important as travel documentation and visa formalities,» said the report, jointly released by the African Development Bank and the African Union Commission on Monday, 13 December 0 Despite the lockdowns necessitated by the COVID-19 pandemic, many African countries continue to signal visa openness to the citizens of other countries on the continent. The top 10 countries’average score on the Africa Visa Openness Index rose to 0.904 from 0.902 in 2020. Benin, The Gambia, and Seychelles continued to offer visa-free access to all Africans. Nonetheless, visa opennessin Africa as a whole dropped slightly over the year. The continent is almost evenly split between countries with a liberal visa policy and countries whose visa policy is more restrictive : 25% of African countries welcome some or all African visitors, visa-free. 24% of African countries allow some or all African visitors to obtain a visa on arrival. 51% of African countries require African visitors to obtain a visa before they arrive. The Africa Visa Openness Index (AVOI) measures the extent to which African countries are open to visitors from other African countries. The index analyzes each country’s visa requirements to show which countries on the continent facilitate travel to their s s territory. For each country, the AVOI calculates the number of African countries whose citizens must obtain a visa before travelling there, the number of countries whose citizens may obtain a visaupon arrival, and the number of countries whose citizens do not need a visa to enter. Each country is then assigned a visa openness score and ranked accordingly. Data for this year’s edition was collected between June and July 2021. The main sources of information were the International Air Transport Association and countries’official websites. In the last 18 months, countries across Africa instituted strict travel restrictions to contain the health crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. As infection rates declined, a number of countries began to open their borders safely and securely. The emergence of new variants makes the evolution of this process uncertain, not only in Africa, but around the world. The situation calls for careful planning, grounded in the best evidence and developed in collaboration, not in isolation. «Notwithstanding positive developments over the past five years, reformis still necessary. For the first time since the African Visa Openness Report was 0.875 5 0.868 0.864 7 0,853 8 0.849 9 0.845 10 0.838 11 0.830 12 0.826 13 0.804 14 0.800 15 0.785 16 0185 16 0.679 18 0..623 19 0502 20 published, the data shows that openness levels dropped slightly in 2021, after some governments temporarily reversed their liberal visa regime partly in reaction to the COVID-19 pandemic and largely to respond to recent instability in their countries. African travelers now require a visa to access just over half of the continent’s countries. Nonetheless, the trends between 2016 and 2021 are heartening. They show that two-thirds of countries in all regions of the continent have improved or maintained their visa openness score over the past five years. At the same time, to facilitate access, 24 African countries now offer an eVisa. The COVID-19 pandemic has given a new impetus to human mobility. Let us capitalize on this silver lining by improving connectivity and embracing technological solutions. An Africa with liberal visa regimes and open borders benefits us all», says Dr. Khaled F. Sherif, Vice-President, Regional Development, Integration and Business Delivery at the African Development Bank. However, according to H.E. Dr. Monique Nsanzabaganwa, Deputy Chairperson, African Union Commission, this sixth edition of the Africa Visa Openness Report reveals a real danger of Africa losing the gains in liberal visa policies that the continent has realized over the years. «In 2021, Africans 4 Cont’d on page 5
VENDREDI 17 DÉCEMBRE 2021 BIZWEEK ÉDITION 373 4 cf the 20 mort visa-open count ri e s are in Southern Africa. Madagascar Mau riti us Mozambique Nam ibia Protocol on the Free Movement of Persons in Africa falls short of 15 countries Implementing the Protocol on the Free Movement of Persons would transformAfrica’s prospects for economic growth. In the wake of the recession caused by the pandemic, making the Protocol operational is more critical than ever. To date, 33 countries have signed the Protocol, and four countries (Mali, Niger, Rwanda, and São Tomé and Príncipe) have ratified it. This falls short of the 15-country threshold needed for the Protocol to enter into force. can only travel to one-quarter of the continent visa-free, and fewer countries issue visas on arrival than before. Many travelers also report excessive fees and delays in obtaining a visa. A lot more can be done to reduce bureaucracy, address the security implications for the free movement of persons agenda, and simplify Highest increases in AVOI scores and rankings, 2016-2021 Benin" Senee Nigeria" Q Glane 21:21 P...3.1,11(freS The Gambe II Namibie ID Angola +0.261 Sierra Leone" Tunisia 133f+0.178 Zimbabwe Sào Tomé and Piinoipe Gabon 111:1M +0.140 Malawi Chad W 44.076 Saut Mnca mi +4.061 Egypr I +OMO Rwanda'0 I +0.016 CAR mi 41.012 Camernon I +0.039 Tanzanie im +o.on +41.224 40327 +051.6 +0305 +0304 +-0.490 +0.153 O _13 +am u 4D.704 O +0,134 w [ID El 0.0 01 02 03 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 réfREME IN SCORE 7016-2021'Top 20, AVOI 202 w Does incarne affect visa openness ? Does geography ? 17 of the 2021 top 20 countrles are low- incarne or lower-middleincarne countries. 5 of 7 of Africa%uppermiddleincarne countries have a law visa openness score. 4 of 6 of Africa's Island states are among the 2,021 top 20 periorrners (Cabo Verde, Comaros, Mauritius, Seychelles). 2 of 16 of Africa% landlocked states are among the 2021 top 20 perforrners (Rwanda and Uganda). Which countries progressecl the mort in the I ast fi ve years ? In West Africa : Benin, The Gambia, Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone In Southern Africa : Angola, Malawi, Nam ibia, South Africa, Zimbabwe In Central Africa : Carneroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Gabon, Sào Tomé and Principe In East Africa : Rwanda, Ta nzania In North AfricaEgypt, Tunisia Visa opennessin Africa by category : No visa, Visa on arrivai, Visa required No ai sa 1i9-sa an arrivai Visa required (a visa must be obtainecl befaie N UMEIgt O 071-et COU NTRIÉS o 10 20 30 Benin Seychelles The Gambia Senegal Ghana Rwanda Nigeria Llganda Guinea- Bis SaLl Cabo Verde Togo M au rita n la Maiuritius Mozambique Congo ras Madagascar Sornalia Tanzania Narnib la Sierra Leone the visa process so that Africans have a smoother travel experience. The COV- ID-19 crisis has underscored the urgent need for African countries to be more self-sufficient—economically and socially. To get there, we need to intensify our efforts to boost intra-African trade. It is more urgent than ever that we expand LA TOUR Africans’freedom to move around their own continent. It is even more urgent that countries sign and ratify the Protocol on the Free Movement of Persons.» Visa fees and processing times High visa fees and cumbersome application processes are a major deterrent to travel in Africa, especially for businesspeople. A survey of one-third of countries spanning East, West, North, Southern, and Central Africa shows that visa fees, types of entry granted, and visa processing times vary widely. These variations make it arduous for travelers to visit several countries on the same trip. Simplifying visa applications, reducing fees, and decreasing processing times are important reforms that countries can make to open their borders and ease movement across cleparture and is not a n eVis_a) the continent. Close to half of countries with a low visa openness score do not offer a visa on arrival to visitors from elsewhere on the continent—and the number of those countries rose by 5% over the last year. The visa-on-arrival policy is an effective way to encourage the free movement of people on the continent ; implementing it would boost regional integration and raise countries’AVOI score. 40 SO 53 sCCE 1.0011 1.000 1.000 0.883 0.875 0.868 0.864 0.1353 0.849 0.845 0.133 0.830 0.1326 0.1304 0.800 0.785 0.785 0.679 0.623 0.502 5

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