BIZweek n°365 22 oct 2021
BIZweek n°365 22 oct 2021
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  • Parution : n°365 de 22 oct 2021

  • Périodicité : hebdomadaire

  • Editeur : Capital Publications Ltd

  • Format : (260 x 370) mm

  • Nombre de pages : 7

  • Taille du fichier PDF : 5,2 Mo

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VENDREDI 22 OCTOBRE 2021 BIZWEEK ÉDITION 365 ACTA PUBLICA UNITED NATIONS REPORT Climate change threatens more than 100 mn people in Africa More than 100 million extremely poor people in Africa are threatened by accelerating climate change that could also melt away the continent’s few glaciers within two decades, a UN report warned on Tuesday 19 October 2021 In a report ahead of the COP 26 climate summit in Glasgow, the United Nations (UN) highlighted Africa’s «disproportionate vulnerability» last year from food insecurity, poverty and population displacement. «By 2030, it is estimated thatup to 118 million extremely poor people will be exposed to drought, floods and extreme heat in Africa, if adequate response measures are not put in place,» said Josefa Leonel Correia Sacko, commissioner for rural economy and agriculture at the African Union Commission. The extremely poor are those who live on less than US $1.90 per day, according to the report entitled ‘State of the Climate in Africa – 2020’, and coordinated by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). «In sub-Saharan Africa, climate change could further lower gross domestic product byup to 3% by 2050,» Sacko said. «Not only are physical conditions getting worse, but also the number of people being affected is increasing,» she said in the foreword. WMO Secretary-General Petteri Taalas said that last year Africa saw temperatures continue to increase, «accelerating sea-level rise» as wellas extreme weather events like floods, landslides and droughts, all indicators of climate change. Disappearing glaciers «The rapid shrinking of the last remaining glaciers in eastern Africa, which are expected to melt entirely in the near future, signals the threat of imminent and irreversible change to the Earth system,» Taalas said. Last year Africa’s land mass and waters warmedmore rapidly than the world average, the report said. The 30-year warming trend from 1991-2020 was above that of the 1961-1990 period in all of Africa’s regions. The rate in sea level rise along the tropical coasts and the south Atlantic as wellas along the Indian Ocean was higher than the world average. Though too small to serve as significant water reserves, Africa’s glaciers have high tourism and scientific value and yet are retreating at a rate higher than the global average. «If this continues, it will lead to total deglaciation by the 2040s,» the report said. «Mount Kenya is expected to be deglaciated a decade sooner, which will make it one of the first entire mountain ranges to lose glaciers due to human-induced climate change.» State of the Climate in Africa 2020 Early warning systems The other glaciers in Africa are on the Rwenzori Mountains in Uganda and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania. To avoid even higher costs of disaster relief, the WMO urged African countries to invest in «hydrometeorological infrastructure and early warning systems to prepare for escalating high-impact hazardous events.» It backed broadening access to early warning systems and to information on food prices and weather, including with simple text or voice messages informing farmers when to plant, irrigate or fertilize. «Rapid implementation of African adaptation strategies will spur economic development and generate more jobs in support of economic recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic,» the report said. The report involved the WMO, the African Union Commission, the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) through the Africa Climate Policy Centre (ACPC), international and regional scientific organisations and United Nations agencies. Supporting Food Security in Sub-Saharan Africa amid the COVID-19 Pandemic and Climate Change Sub-Saharan Africa is highly vulnerable to climate change, with a marked increase in the frequency and intensity of natural disasters threatening food security in the region due to the heavy reliance on rain-fed agriculture, and weak infrastructure and institutions. These challenges are compounded by the adverse effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, which has aggravated food chain disruptions, broadly raised food prices, eroded real incomes, and increased the number of undernourished in the region to reach 264 million in 2020. This discussion, held on Tuesday 19 October, comes at a critical time when the International Monetary Fund (IMF) is looking to identify viable options to support more vulnerable member countries in their pandemic recovery and achieveresilient and sustainable growth, including through voluntary channeling of some of the SDRs from countries with strong external positions to those most in need. «It is also deeply worrisome that the global recovery that is now taking hold is driven by only a few countries that have had greater access to vaccines and resources, leaving others, especially low-income countries, at greater risk of falling behind. In this context, safeguarding food security is clearly a daunting challenge for sub-Saharan Africa», says Antionette M. Sayeh, Deputy Managing Director, IMF (Moderator). Other key speakers were David Beasley, Executive Director, World Food Programme ; Tahir Hamid Nguilin, Minister of Finance and Budget, Chad and Musa Kpaka, Chief Technical Advisor in the Office of the President, Sierra Leone. The deteriorating food security situation. Beasley cited data from the World Food Programme (WPF) that indicate a significant spike in hunger and widespread famine since the start of the pandemic, thereby intensifying the risks of conflict and mass migration. Nguilin stated that climate change was having a material effect on livelihoods in the Sahel region, particularly in the Lake Chad area where drought was driving tensions and forced displacements. Supply chain disruptions. Kpaka noted that the situation in developing countries was aggravated by the lack of self-sufficiency in food supplies and that intra-African trade could play an important role in addressing this. Nguilin added that the reduction on rain-fed agriculture warrants a scaleup in irrigation and a solution to rising input costs. Policy Responses. Panelists noted that swift support from the international community was helpful in rolling out food distribution and social cash transfer programs. However, the challenges of youth unemployment, water resource management and fragility require urgent attention. Beasley highlighted the WFP’s advocacy for more strategic interventions that could yield co-benefits. For instance, by integrating food security initiatives into school feeding programs, communities could realize positive educational outcomes while reducing migration, teen pregnancies and recruitment by extreme groups. Sayeh noted that the IMF was building partnerships and deepening its engagement on climate change and food security by bringing in macroeconomic perspectives. 3

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