BIZweek n°337 9 avr 2021
BIZweek n°337 9 avr 2021
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  • Parution : n°337 de 9 avr 2021

  • Périodicité : hebdomadaire

  • Editeur : Capital Publications Ltd

  • Format : (260 x 370) mm

  • Nombre de pages : 8

  • Taille du fichier PDF : 2,3 Mo

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VENDREDI 09 AVRIL 2021 BIZWEEK ÉDITION 337 BIZ ALERT CURRENCY MOVEMENT March 2020 - 2021  : The year of the dollar Last year was clearly the year of the dollar when it comes to analysing currency trends. With the dollar being the main anchor currency, the fortunes of the United States economy were the drivers of all such movements. There have been phases of the dollar falling as the virus infection cases relentlessly wentup and the government stood back without taking any major steps in terms of trying to prevent the same. Then there were the US Elections where the run-up was felt in the currency market all the time. And last, the growth forecasts of the US economy continued to improve over time and now it does appear that the economy will only move in theupward direction This scenario has been supported by the Fed with the assurances of buyback of bonds as wellas maintaining a low interest rate regime. However, notwithstanding these positive impulses, the bond yields have been rising of late with the 10-year yield now at 1.74%. last year it was around 70 bps. Inflation concerns have come in expectations. Hence there has been an increase of around 100 bps during this period. This becomes important for the rest of the world as global investment flows are driven by these factors. When the US economy is doing welland bond yields goup, there is a tendency for investors to invest in domestic markets. Also, with growth prospects improving investment in physical assets openup thus making the US market attractive. This leads to a reallocation of funds across geographies which can be seen in the foreign investment trends especially in the stock market which gets reflected in balance of payments and hence currency value. A way to gauge how things have changed in the currency market is to look at averages for the months starting March 2020 till March 2021 and measuring the changes that have taken place over the year along with the volatility. The former says whether the currency is stronger or weaker against the dollar, while the latter speaks more on the noise elements during the year. Both of them provide fairly revealing pictures. Currency movements The dollar over the year had declined, but interestingly has been strengthening since February mainly due to the concerns that were there earlier being addressed and the economy emitting the right signals. Among the developed markets the pound and euro gained by 10.9% and 7.1% against the dollar. The other currencies which wentup on a point-to-point basis were Australian dollar (19.4%), rand (10.2%), renminbi (7.3%), Mexican peso and won (7.2%), Taiwan dollar (6.2%), rupiah (5.6%), Singapore dollar (5.3%), Philippine peso (5.2%), baht (4.2%), ringgit (4.5%) and Indian rupee (2.3%). Quite clearly the rupee was managed well to ensure there was no sharp appreciation which could have exacerbated problems with declining exports. The currencies which depreciated against the dollar were yen (1%), real (15.4%), Turkish lira (21%), Mauritian Rupee. Hong Kong dollar and ruble remained virtually unchanged. Volatility Annualized monthly volatility during the year is a useful indicator to capture the noise during the year and here the INR fared well with 3.3%. The other currencies that had volatility of less than 5% were pound, yen, renminbi, Hong Kong dollar, Singapore dollar, ringgit, Philippine peso, won and Taiwan dollar. Those with volatility between 5-10% were rupiah, Australian dollar, ruble and baht. Currencies with volatility of above 10% were real, rand, Turkish lira and Mexican peso. 3 [Source  : Analysis by CARE RATINGS (AFRICA) PRIVATE LIMITED - April 2021]

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