BIZweek n°328 5 fév 2021
BIZweek n°328 5 fév 2021
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  • Parution : n°328 de 5 fév 2021

  • Périodicité : hebdomadaire

  • Editeur : Capital Publications Ltd

  • Format : (260 x 370) mm

  • Nombre de pages : 8

  • Taille du fichier PDF : 3,9 Mo

  • Dans ce numéro : indice de démocratie 2020.

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VENDREDI 05 FÉVRIER 2021 BIZWEEK ÉDITION 328 Dernacracy Index 2020 Ovarall score Rank I EIactoral process Su tr-Sa haran Africa 2020 Overall saxe Global Rai* Begional rank I Elector al pro and plu ral isrn II FunctIoning ol governrrieni Ill Political participation IV Pierical culi ure y avIll liber'les Rem ? Ire » Materius 8_14 20 1 9.17 7.86 611 8_75 882 Full dernoaacy Cabo Verde 7.65 32 2 9.17 7.00 6.67 6118 853 Ravred dardasse Botswana 7.62 33 3 9.17 6.79 6.11 730 853 Rawed dernocrac SouLh Africa 7.05 45 4 7.42 7.14 8.33 5150 735% nad dernocrac Narnibia 6.52 58 5 7.00 536 6.67 5.63 794 Rawed daim:crac Grogna 6.50 59= 6 833 536 6.67 625 5.88 f3 wousl clernOCraC LeSOIJ1Ci 630 64= 7 9.17 4.14 6.11 563 6.47 ilerriorrac Malawi 5.74 82 8 7.00 429 5.00 625 6.18 Flytincl tienne Madagascar 5.70 65 9 722 357 6.67 5113 4.71 1-heincl ri ne Sanga I 5.67 86 10 6.08 5.71 4.44 625. 5119 Hybridrqgirne Liberia 532 90 11 7.42 2.71 5.56 5_63 5.24 Hylarid regirne Tanzania 5.14 93 12 4.83 5.00 5.06 6.25 4.41 Hytrid If Kenya 5.05 95 13 350 5.36 6.67 5.63 412 Hybrid rugine Uganda 4.94 98 14 433 3.21 5.06 6.118 5.29 Hybrid mime Liai Ki 4.95 99= 15= 4.75 2.93 3.89 688 5.88 Hybrk1regline Sierra Leone 4.86 99= 15= 6.58 286 333 625 5.29 Held reglrne Renia 4.58 102 17 3.33 536 3.89 563 4.71 - El00 Ga mhia 4.46 103 1B 4.00 4.29 4.44 5.63 4.12 Fend redire Côte d'Ivoire 4.11 109 19 433 286 3.89 5.63 312 Hybril renie Nigeria 4.10 110 20 5.17 3.57 3.89 3.75 412 Hybril merle Mar 3.93 111 21 5.17 0.00 4.44 5.63 4.41 Autricrd'ion >Luini-nia 3.92 112 22 3.50 357 5.00 3.13 4.41 Autharimian Burkina f nv) 3.73 116 23 3.00 236 4.44 5150 3.82 Autharinslan Angola 3.66 117 24 2.25 2.86 5,56 500 2.65 Ausheffearlan Gition 3.54 121 25 2.58 1.86 4.44 5 00 3.82 Aurrioreclan McVainliklUe 3.51 122 26 2.58 1.43 5.04 500 3.53 Autharearian Ethlopla 3.38 123 27 0.42 337 5.56 500 2.35 Aoilhorearian Migre 3 » I 125 29 292 1.14 3.33 4.38 4.71 Aulharearien and pluralian II Fur...m. ra gapernment III Polamal Rartmpamon N Roland 163.561 905 10 00 33 9.36 971 ALetralla 695 9- 10.1 6.57 7.76 8.75 9.71 1.15.661..696 9- 9.50 929 1333 8.73 662 Tanvan 8_94 11 1000 64 7_22 8.13 971 5.43.1.61 666 12 0.. 1337 7.79 9_35 602 136.1.0. 666 13 10.1 851 667 0.75 9_41 Csennarry 6_513 821 6,33 8_13 9_12 alto= V O50 8.61 15 10110 837 667 613 9.71 Un «. Mngclmn 1334 16 1000 750 669 7.50 662 Clele 13. 17 658 821 667 8.13 1122 lanurla 616 16- 956 730 11_33 683 633 G.. Ra. 616 18- 6.38 6.79 722 730 671 Manrniut 614 20 617 706 6.11 875 662 14pan 813 21 875 667 8_13 6_53 Spain 6666. 66,66 8.12 801 22 73 658 9.17 111.6.00.0cracy France 799 24 9.38 7.50 7.76 6318 624lln11e1151.45.011.10.5 792 25 9.17 679 69 6.23 853 Portuwa 7.1 26 956 730..11 7.. 6312 Esconla 7.94 27- 658 706 667 6336 8.24 Israel Italy Ma. 784 7.74 27- 219 30 617 0.58 9.17C.3.1 Rapp.. 767 31 4.38 607 667 730 033 6454.6. 76s 32 9_17 700 667 686 3333 lIntswana 714 821 750 643 6712 7.22 999 762 33 617 679 6.11 6_53 Cyrus 7.56 34 9.17 536 722 7.50 6.33 Democracy Index 2006-20 2000 2019 2019 3617 3016 3015 3014 3813 3012 2011 3010 2058 3006 Guinea 3.08 3.14 3.14 3.14 3.14 3.14 3.01 2.64 270 279 2761 2.09 202 Guinea-Bissau 2.63 233 199 199 198 133 1.93 126 1.43 199 199 199 2550 Ken. s_05 5_18 5.11 5.11 533 5_33.13 5.13 4.71 4.71 471 479 5.1 1.6153 630 654 6.64 664 6.59 636 666 6.66 666 633 602 G.. 648 Liberia 5.32 5.45 535 52.3 531 495 495 4.65 495 592 507 525 522 Madagascar 5.70 564 5.22.11 507 4.65 4.42 4.32 393 393 3314 5.57 5.82 Malais 521 5_50 549 5. 5.55 5_55 5_66 603 608 584 564 5.13 491 393 492 541 531 5.70 5_70 5_79 5.90 512 636 601 5.87 5.99 Maudlaria 392 392 322 302 396 396 4_17 4.17 417 4.17 3316 391 312 Mau.. 1214 622 822 13215 828 817 0.17.617 604 804 8.0. 804 ocarnlaque 3.51 3_65 383 5102 402 469 4. 4611 4.1 4.99 5.49 5_28 14.30411. 6.52 6.43 6.25 6_31 6.31 631 6.24 6.24 624 6.24 623 6. 654 Nrgci 3.29 329 3.76 376 3.96 3335 4.02 4e9 4.16 4.16 339 341 354 Karma 4.10.12 431 444 4.50 4_62 3 76 3.77 377 393 3 47 3.53 352.511111a 3.10 3-16 335 3.19 3.07 3172 3_25 338 336 325 325 3.71 3132 5enegal 5.67 5_91 6.15 615 6.21 6_06 615 6.15 600 551 527 537 5_37 S.. Leone 4.96 4116 4.66 4.66 455 433 4.56 464 4.71 431 431 4.11 357 5.01.623 7.05 7.24 724 724 7.41 756 7.82 790 7.79 276 7.79 7.91 791 Taneania.10 5.16 5.41 5.47 5.76 558 5217 5.77 5339 564 564 529 5.18 Togo 2.90 3.30 3.10 305 332 3.41 345 3.45 3.45 3.45 3,45 2.43 1.75.10926 4.. 552 520 5.09 526 522 5.22 522 5.16 5.13 5.05 5173 5.14 Zambla 41. 5.09 5.61 558 5.99 628 6,39 626 626 6.19 5.68 5.. 525 an ho.. 3.16 3.16 316 3.16 305 3115 2.79 267 267 268 7_64 253 2.62 7.2orege 4.16 4.26 436 435 4.37 430 434 436 4.32 432 423 428 424 44 ao 5 54 552 5 546 5 55 ssl 9.44 722 6.11 813 7.0 7,50 730 6_13 LA TOUR ECONOMIC INTELLIGENCE UNIT REPORT Democracy Index 2020  : In sickness and in health ? The Economist Intelligence Unit’s Democracy Index (which began in 2006) provides a snapshot of the state of democracy worldwide in 165 independent states and two territories. This covers almost the entire population of the world and the vast majority of the world’s states (microstates are excluded). The 13th edition of the Democracy Index, released on Wednesday 3 February, records how global democracy fared in 2020. The main focus of the report is the impact of the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic on democracy and freedom around the world. It looks at how the pandemic resulted in the withdrawal of civil liberties on a massive scale and fueled an existing trend of intolerance and censorship of dissenting opinion In the 2020 Democracy Index, 75 of the 167 countries and territories covered by the model, or 44.9% of the total, are considered to be democracies. The number of « full democracies » increased to 23 in 2020,up from 22 in 2019. The number of « flawed democracies » fell by two, to 52. Of the remaining 92 countries in our index, 57 are « authoritarian regimes »,up from 54 in 2019, and 35 are classified as « hybrid regimes », down from 37 in 2019. As recorded in the Democracy Index in recent years, democracy has not been in robust health for some time. In 2020 its strength was further tested by the outbreak of the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic. The average global score in the 2020 Democracy Index fell from 5.44 in 2019 to 5.37. This is by far the worst global score since the index was first produced in 2006. The 2020 result represents a significant deterioration and came about largely—but not solely—because of government-imposed restrictions on individual freedoms and civil liberties that occurred across the globe in response to the coronavirus pandemic. The global average score hit an all-time low The deterioration in the global score in 653 26.6 539 7.94 8-24 2020 was driven by a decline in the average regional score everywhere in the world, but by especially large falls in the « authoritarian regime » -dominated regions of Sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East and North Africa. Their scores declined by 0.10 and 0.09, respectively, between 2019 and 2020. Western Europe and eastern Europe both recorded a fall in their average regional scores of 0.06. The score for Asia and Australasia, the region which has made the most democratic progress during the lifetime of the Democracy Index, fell by 0.05. Latin America’s average score declined by 0.04 in 2020, marking the fifth consecutive year of regression for the region. The average score for North America fell by only 0.01, but a bigger decline of 0.04 in the US score was masked by an improvement in Canada’s score. In 2020 a large majority of countries, 116 of a total of 167 (almost 70%), recorded a decline in their total score compared with 2019. Only 38 (22.6%) recorded an improvement and the other 13 stagnated, with their scores remaining unchanged compared with 2019. There were some impressive improvements and some dramatic declines, as discussed in the « Highlights » section, with Taiwan registering the biggest improvement and Mali the biggest decline. There were 11 changes of regime category, seven negative and four positive. Three countries (Japan, South Korea and Taiwan) moved from the « flawed democracy » category to be classified as « full democracies » and one country, Albania, wasupgraded to a « flawed democracy » from a « hybrid regime » previously. France and Portugal experienced a reversal, losing the « full democracy » status they had regained in 2019, re-joining the ranks of « flawed democracies ». El Salvador and Hong Kong were relegated from the « flawed democracy » classification to that of « hybrid regime ». Further down the ranking, Algeria, Burkina Faso and Mali lost their status as « hybrid regimes » and are now designated as « authoritarian regimes ». Sub-Saharan Africa  : Only one ‘full democracy’- Mauritius Many of the nations in Sub-Saharan Africa are concentrated at the bottom of the Democracy Index rankings. The continent has only one « full democracy » —Mauritius— and six « flawed democracies ». The number of countries classed as « hybrid regimes », at 13, is two less than in the 2019 index, as Burkina Faso and Mali slipped down the ranking to become « authoritarian regimes », alongside 22 other African states. The overallaverage regional score fell to 4.16 in 2020, down from 4.26 in 2019—by far the lowest score for the continent since the index began in 2006. 3 Cont’d on page 4

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