BIZweek n°301 31 jui 2020
BIZweek n°301 31 jui 2020
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  • Parution : n°301 de 31 jui 2020

  • Périodicité : hebdomadaire

  • Editeur : Capital Publications Ltd

  • Format : (260 x 370) mm

  • Nombre de pages : 7

  • Taille du fichier PDF : 1,8 Mo

  • Dans ce numéro : jour mondial contre le traffic humain.

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VENDREDI 31 JUILLET 2020 BIZWEEK ÉDITION 301 « With the advent of COVID-19, it can be expected that traffickers willupscale their activities » On the commemoration of the World Day Against Trafficking in Persons on the 30th of July, Her Excellency Dr Stergomena Lawrence Tax, SADC Executive Secretary, stated that Trafficking in Persons (TIP) is one of the fastest growing crimes in the region and across the globe. The sophistication of TIP lies in the complex web within which it happens. With the advent of COVID-19, it can be expected that traffickers willupscale their activities taking advantage of reduced vigilance by law enforcement officers who are largely involved in enforcing COVID-19 regulations. The capacity of Member States and other Non-Governmental Organisations to provide essential services to the victims of TIP has also been heavily impacted. In recognition of the importance of TIP front line service providers, whose commitment and contributions, SADC has over the years, provided a coordinated response at Regional and Member States Level. Capacity Building as wellas legislative reformhave been the cornerstones of the response mechanism in the region. Vigilance and awareness programmes « There is an increase in new Non-Tariff Barriers » During the Extraordinary Meeting of the COMESA-EAC- SADC Tripartite Council of Ministers held on 29 July, Dr Stergomena Lawrence Tax, who is also the Chairperson of the COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite Task Force, commended Member States for the swift responses in containing the spread of COVID-19 and mitigating its associated economic hardships. Implementation of these response measures was however, not without challenges. « Whereas the lockdowns were necessary and enabled Member States to contain the spread of COVID-19, the lockdowns on the other hand disrupted regional supply chains as production and movement of goods and services was adversely affected », she said. Mobility restrictions imposed on domestic and international transportation in all modes further affected regional trade and transport, and this resulted in shortage of goods, and chaotic scenes at ports of entry and exit, including long queues, translating into increased cost of doing business and consumer prices. According to her, if the situation is not managed welland in timely manner, these challenges may become a permanent phenomenon with adverse impacts on our economies. It is disheartening to note, she further stated, that the LA TOUR WORLD DAY AGAINST TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS On the 30th July each year, the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region joins the rest of the world to commemorate World Day Against Trafficking in Persons, following the proclamation by the United Nations General Assembly, in its resolution A/RES/68/192. This year’s commemoration is under the theme « Committed to the Cause - Working on the Frontline to End Human Trafficking ». The theme underscores the important role played by Front Line Officers, who are responsible for providing service of first necessity The Revised SADC Strategic Plan of Action on Combatting Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children (2016- 2023), provides a blue print for Regional Response at both Regional and Member States level. The SADC-UNODC Regional Programme on ‘Making the SADC Region Safer from Drugs and Crime’(2013 – 2023), has also contributed towards the fight against TIP, while leveraging human and financial resources. COVID-19 cross-border restrictions that have been targeted on truck drivers have unfortunately led to stigmatisation of cross-border drivers, impacts of which have not only affected the drivers and local communities, but also negatively impacted the ongoing efforts to contain the spread of COVID-19. Guidelines for cross-border movement « As we can allagree, COVID-19 is here with us ; what is required is to adapt to the new normal, and manage it vigilantly. The Tripartite region has also started experiencing an increase in new Non-Tariff Barriers, which still remain unresolved, as Member States unilaterally take measures that are not in line with agreed regional agreements, regulations and standards. » With the overlap of RECs membership and the sharing of traffic between and among RECs, the need for harmonized Tripartite Trade and Transport Facilitation Guidelines for the Movement of Persons, Goods and Services across the Tripartite Region during the COVID-19 pandemic has become more apparent and urgent. Accordingly, the « SADC commends the Frontline service providers, and implores them to remain vigilant and adapt responses to the changing methods of the traffickers and especially in this COVID – 19 pandemics. Member States are also calledupon to continue capacity building and awareness programmes to frontline service providers, and strengthen information sharing on TIP amongst stakeholders in order to provide tailored expertise to address TIP », says Dr Stergomena Lawrence Tax. Tripartite Task Force initiated a process of developing harmonized Tripartite Guidelines, drawing from the respective Regional Economic Communities’guidelines. Recognizing the importance of cross-border movement of persons, the Tripartite Task Force is in the process of developing guidelines for cross-border movement of persons that are to be used during, and beyond. COVID-19 to address any future health emergencies that might arise and for transport and trade facilitation. 4
VENDREDI 31 JUILLET 2020 BIZWEEK ÉDITION 301 1-.0 ('eree'^' ; '..1)t. r'k'IMF - Nicoletta Batini, James Lomax, and Divya Mehra r'ANALYSIS Why sustainable food systems are needed in a post-COVID world 2020 will be a year of reckoning for the world’s food systems. In just months, COVID-19 shut down half the globe. Images of panic buying, empty grocery shelves and miles-long queues at food banks have suddenly reminded us how important food systems are in our lives and how imbalanced they have become. Pandemic-induced runs on food, however, do not merely reflect human behaviour during emergencies. They are evidence that the global food supply chain—highly centralized and operating on a just-in-time supply basis—is prone to falter in the face of shocks. In many countries, for example, it became impossible to harvest or package food as workers were blocked at borders or fell sick. Elsewhere, stocks piledup and avalanches of food went to waste because restaurants and bars were closed. In developing countries, the United Nation’s Food and Agriculture Organization and the World Food Program expect that a « hunger pandemic » and a doubling of people starving may soon eclipse the coronavirus, unless action is taken. Unhealthy state Cracks in the global food system’s facade have long been apparent. According to the latest State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World, already in 2018 about 820 million people went to bed hungry and a third of all people lacked essential nutrients. At the same time, 600 million people were categorized as obese and 2 billion overweight, because of imbalanced diets, which were also associated with obesity, diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular diseases that compromise immune health. Today, immuno-depressed and malnourished people worldwide are suffering disproportionally the lethal consequences of COV- ID-19. In all these cases, the human toll comes with huge economic costs, including lost incomes and soaring public debt. The limitations of the food system go beyond failing to feed the world well. Food produced through the overuse of chemicals, in monoculture cropping systems, and intensive animal farming on land and at sea degrades natural resources faster than they can reproduce and causes a quarter of all man-made greenhouse gas emissions, with livestock responsible for about a half of that. According to scientific research, including by the Food and Agriculture Organization, industrial animal farming operations that rear large numbers of animals in confined spaces breed lethal viruses, like the 2009 swine flu, and spread antibiotic-resistant « superbugs » because of the overuse of antibiotics to promote their growth and prevent infections. At the same time, our uncontrolled disturbance POST SCRIPTUM Food systems are essential to economic activity because they provide the energy that we need to live and work. However, macroeconomists have long ignored them in the belief that the global agri-food industry, now highly mechanized, subsidized and concentrated, offers all we could wish for when it comes to food Part of the problem The agri-food sector is expected to produce hait of ail greenhouse gas ernissions by 2050. {shore ef greenhouse gus from agrecolture, Fisher-y, and land use In total greenhouse glas. percent) 144 ao 60 ir 40 20'2019 2050 Agi Frul (un ?. ferestry. allier lypim of land ose ; Pest Sources  : Intenimiemmenlal Panel on Clignote Change {2019) ; % Haien and uthers {2919). Exuluding sireenfinỤ.4 qeses lanot tond and maniai:al transformation of pristine habitats to farmand hunt has allowed deadly pathogens like SARS, HIV, Ebola, to jump species, infecting ours. Economic reset The rebuilding of economies after the COVID-19 crisis offers a unique opportunity to transformthe global food system and make it resilient to future shocks, ensuring environmentally sustainable and healthy nutrition for all. To make this happen, United Nations agencies like the Food and Agriculture Organization, the United Nations Environment Program, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and the World Food Program, collectively, suggest four broad shifts in the food system  : Resilient food supply chains. Efficient and effective food supply chains are essential to lowering the risks of food insecurity, malnutrition, food price fluctuations and can simultaneously create jobs. Rural transformation to empower small producers and retailers and mainstream them in the food systems economy can help build resilient food supply chains. Healthy diets. Curbing the overconsumption of animal and highly-processed food in wealthier countries and improving access to good nutrition in poorer ones can improve well-being and land use efficiency, make healthy food more affordable globally, and slash carbon emissions. Retargeting agricultural subsidies toward healthy foods, taxing unhealthy foods, and aligning procurement practices, education programs and healthcare systems toward better diets can go a long way in INTERNATIONAL IVIONIETAR Y FUND achieving this. In turn, this can reduce healthcare costs globally, reduce inequality, and help us weather the next pandemic with healthier individuals. Regenerative farming. A shift toward sustainable and regenerative land and ocean farming connected to strong local and regional food systems can heal our soils, air and water, boosting economic resilience and local jobs. It can be attained by promoting sustainable farming, facilitating market access and leveling the financial and regulatory playing field for smaller, sustainable farmers relative to large intensive farmers. Conservation. Breeding fewer animals to accommodate a shift toward more plant-based diets in wealthier countries is key to saving pristine ecosystems. Conservation efforts in line with recent proposals by the UN Environment Assembly for a global framework to protect the Earth’s plant and wildlife, together with bold measures to eradicate the trade of wild animals, are central to restoring biodiversity, boost carbon sequestration and lower the risk of future pandemics. Food systems are at the cross-roads of human, animal, economic and environmental health. Ignoring this exposes the world economy to ever-larger health and financial shocks as climate changes and global population grows. By prioritizing food system reforms in our « build forward » agendas, we can instead make concrete inroads toward the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Climate Agreement. Because as Winston Churchill once famously said  : « Healthy citizens are the greatest asset any country can have. » 5

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