BIZweek n°235 5 avr 2019
BIZweek n°235 5 avr 2019
  • Prix facial : gratuit

  • Parution : n°235 de 5 avr 2019

  • Périodicité : hebdomadaire

  • Editeur : Capital Publications Ltd

  • Format : (260 x 370) mm

  • Nombre de pages : 9

  • Taille du fichier PDF : 2,6 Mo

  • Dans ce numéro : Congress Party, les 11 clés pour convaincre.

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VENDREDI 05 AVRIL 2019 BIZWEEK ÉDITION 235 LA TOUR LÉGISLATIVES INDIENNES Congress Party  : les 11 clés pour convaincre Le manifeste électoral du Congress Party a polarisé attention et intérêt cette semaine dans le sillage des législatives indiennes qui se dérouleront du 11 avril au 19 mai 2019. La principale formation politique de l’opposition, balayée du pouvoir en 2014, ambitionne de reconquérir le Lok Sabha à travers une panoplie de mesures économiques et sociales énoncée dans un document de 55 pages ayant pour ultime but « de créer de la richesse et d’assurer le bien-être ». Parmi les mesures phares, l’équipe de Rahul Gandhi promet de combattre la pauvreté à travers la mise en place d’un système de revenu minimum garanti pour 50 millions de foyers en situation de précarité sociale, soit un revenu de base de 72 000 roupies indiennes (37 000 roupies mauriciennes) par an. Sur le front économique, le Congress Party concentrera prioritairement ses actions sur le rétablissement de la notion de bonne gouvernance, la mise en place d’un nouveau régime fiscal et d’un budget séparé pour les 260 millions agriculteurs/fermiers, la mise en œuvre d’une loi anti-corruption sans discrimination aucune et la protection des emplois existants tout en créant de nouveaux pour faire face au million d’Indiens qui arrivent chaque mois sur le marché du travail. Parallèlement, un minimum de 6% du PIB du pays sera investi pour favoriser un système d’éducation pour tous. Considérée comme une « urgence nationale » dans le domaine de santé publique, la pollution de l’air est l’autre cheval de bataille du parti sur le plan social. Car deux tiers des villes les plus polluées du monde se trouveraient en Inde selon Greenpeace. L’accès aux services de santé demeure tout aussi prioritaire pour le Congress Party qui promet qu’il doublerait les dépenses de santé à 3% du PIB d’ici 2023-2024 s’il revient au pouvoir. Enfin sur le plan politique, le parti de l’opposition promet de venir avec une nouvelle loi qui permettra de réserver 33% des sièges aux femmes au Lok Sabha et au sein des assemblées législatives. Le manifeste a été présenté mardi par le président du Congrès, Rahul Gandhi, la présidente de l’UPA, Sonia Gandhi, et l’ancien Premier ministre, Manmohan Singh, en présence des principaux dirigeants du parti. Le document, selon le parti, a été rédigé au terme de 121 réunions de consultation publiques et 53 séances à huis clos et reflète, selon ses dirigeants, les espoirs de la population. LES 11 POINTS SAILLANTS DU MANIFESTE NYAY scheme The Congress reiterated its determination to introduce a NYAY scheme (Nyuntam Aay Yojana), under which 20 per cent of India’s poorest or around 5 crore poorest households will get Rs 6,000 as minimum income per month. Therefore, each family will get Rs 72,000/annum. According to the party’s manifesto, it is a direct transfer benefit scheme. The scheme is likely to cost Rs 3.6 lakh crore per annum. Job creation Another key promise by the Congress party revolves around job creation and eradicating unemployment. According to the manifesto, the Congress party plans to fillup 22 lakh vacancies by March 2020. Over 10 lakh of those jobs would be provided in Gram Panchayats. Businesses will be rewarded for job creation and employing more women and firms with over 100 employees will have to implement an apprenticeship programme. The party has also said that it would grant interest-free loans for the youth of the country for 3 years ahead of a new venture. Separate farmbudget The Congress party has promised to put farmers out of their financial miseries. The manifesto said that it will present a separate « kisan budget » if it is voted to power. Among other things, the Congress also plans to « re-design » the BJP government’s Fasal Bima Yojana or crop insurance scheme. 6 per cent of GDP for education The Congress party has also mentioned in its manifesto that at least 6 per cent of the country’s GDP will be invested for enabling education for all. Healthcare Congress promises to enact the Right to Healthcare Act and guarantee every citizen free diagnostics, out-patient care, free medicines and hospitalisation, through a network of public hospitals and enlisted private hospitals. The party said it will double expenditure on healthcare to 3 per cent of GDP by 2023-24. Changes in taxation The party manifesto plans to put an end to the « tax terrorism unleashed » by the BJP government. Congress also promises to review and replace the current GST laws with their redefined GST 2.0 regime. Gender justice Congress has also promised to passin the first session of the 17th Lok Sabha the Women’s Reservation Bill, which will help in reserving 33 per cent of seats for women in the Lok Sabha and the State Legislative Assemblies. Besides, the party also plans to 900 millions d’électeurs pour 543 circonscriptions De l’Himalaya aux rivages tropicaux en passant par les déserts, 900 millions d’électeurs seront appelés aux urnes pour ce scrutin qui se déroulera entre le 11 avril et le 19 mai. Les résultats définitifs seront connus le 23 mai. Les élections vont se dérouler en 7 phases distinctes. Chaque semaine, un certain nombre des 543 circonscriptions fera l’objet d’un vote, le total se traduisant en sièges au Lok Sabha, chambre basse du Parlement indien. reserve 33 per cent of all posts in the central government for women. Privacy laws The manifesto plans to pass a law on privacy and restrict the use of Aadhaar to the original purpose under the Aadhaar Act. It also plans to review all laws and repeal those that are outdated, unjust or unreasonably restrict the freedom of the people. It plans to omit Section 499 of the Indian Penal Code and render defamation into a civil offence. Crackdown on hate crime Another key point Congress mentioned in its 2019 Lok Sabha election manifesto is the promise to end the sense of impunity, stamp out mob violence and lynching, and prevent atrocities women and minority communities. Education It has promised to double the allocation for Education to 6 per cent of GDP by 2023-24. Right to Homestead Congress said it will pass the Right to Homestead Act to provide a piece of land for every rural house-hold that does not own a home or own land on which a house may be built. 4
VENDREDI 05 AVRIL 2019 BIZWEEK ÉDITION 235 TRIPARTITE FTA ACTA PUBLICA Fresh Push for States to ratify as deadline draws near Following the attainment of the threshold number of States that have ratified the Africa Continental Free Trade Area, a fresh push on Member States of the tripartite COMESA- EAC and SADC group to ratify the tripartite free trade area is on The deadline set by the Tripartite Council of Ministers for Member States of three regional economic blocs to sign and ratify the tripartite free trade area lapses this month. So far only four countries in COMESA, East Africa Community and Southern Africa Development Community tripartite bloc have signed and ratified the agreement. These are Kenya, Egypt, South Africa and Uganda. A total of 22 out of 26 countries in the tripartite bloc comprising COMESA East Africa Community and Southern Africa Development Community have signed the agreement. The deadline of April 2019 was set in June last during the ministerial meeting in Cape Town, South Africa. Delegates attending the seventh Extraordinary meeting of the COMESA Intergovernmental Committee that opened in Lusaka this week, were informedthateight of the 19 countries that had ratified the Africa Free Trade Area Agreement (AfCFTA) were Tripartite Member/Partner States. The AfCFTA attained the requisite ratifications on Monday this week when The Gambia signed, bringing the number of ratification to 22 which is the threshold for the agreement to enter into force. Ready for implementation Zambia’s Minister of Commerce, Trade and Industry Hon. Christopher Yaluma who opened the meeting said it was time for the remaining countries to sign the tripartite given that is was supposed to the building bloc to the continental FTA. « I cannot overemphasize the absolute importance of all of us ratifying the Tripartite Agreement so that it enters into force immediately, » he said. « After years of negotiation, the Tripartite FTA is ready for implementation. It is very much a low hanging fruit. » Currently, 93% of the work on Rules of Origin has been completed, providing the basis for trade to begin. In addition, the legal texts have been concluded and adopted. The minister noted that most of the Member/Partner States of the tripartite were already using the existing COMESA or SADC free trade area agreements meaning they were ready. He called on member States to ratify the agreement within the period remaining before the tripartite ministers’deadline. Pressing Issues The extraordinary IC meeting was convened to deal mainly with pressing administration and financial management issues while at the same time receiveupdates on regional integration programme matters. It was attended by Permanent/Principal Secretariats from the ministries that coordinate COMESA activities in Member States whose recommendations will be tabled before the Extraordinary Council of Ministers meeting on Friday this week. In her statement, Secretary General Chileshe Kapwepwe said since she assumedoffice last year, she has identified areas for immediate change at COMESA Secretariat aimedat strengthening service delivery to stakeholders. « The need to have fast and better responsiveness to the needs of Member States, addressing inadequate resourcing through the development of a strategic resource mobilization plan, addressing the organizational structure of the Secretariat for enhanced performance, » she said. « My goal is to shift focus of COMESA Policy Organs engagement from administrative to programnme implementation issues. It is only through programme implementation that we shall be able to create jobs and improve the standard of living and quality of life of our people. » La croissance du commerce mondial s’essouffle alors que les tensions commerciales persistent Le commerce mondial connaîtra encore de fortes turbulences en 2019 et en 2020 après une croissance plus faible qu’escomptée en 2018, du fait de la montée des tensions commerciales et d’un accroissement de l’incertitude économique. Selon les économistes de l’OMC, la croissance du volume des échanges de marchandises devrait tomber à 2,6% en 2019, contre 3,0% en 2018. La croissance du commerce pourrait ensuite rebondir à 3,0% en 2020 — à condition cependant que les tensions commerciales s’apaisent. « The fact that we don’t have great news today should surprise no one who has been reading the papers over the last 12 months. Of course there are other elements at play, but rising trade tensions are the major factor. Over the last year we have seen a range of new tariffs put in place affecting widely-traded goods. Trade simply cannot play its full role in driving GDP growth when levels of uncertainty are so high. Greater uncertainty means lower investment and consumption. Investment, in particular, has a pronounced impact on trade, and this is reflected in numbers. We outlined these downside risks in our previous forecasts. We all need trade to play its positive role supporting jobs, growth and development around the world. And we need the rules-based trading system to play its full role in facilitating trade flows and providing stability in international economic relations. It is therefore increasingly urgent that we resolve tensions and focus on charting a positive path forward for global trade which responds to the real challenges in today’s economy », dit Roberto Azevêdo, directeur général de l’OMC. 5

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